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HomeDear VetBabbleWhat Causes a Cyst-like Bump on an Older Saint Bernard's Vulva?

What Causes a Cyst-like Bump on an Older Saint Bernard’s Vulva?


Dear VetBabble,

My recently adopted female Saint Bernard, who might be around 7-8 years old, has developed a cyst-like bump on her vulva. I noticed it just a week ago. Is this normal? If not, what should I do to address it?


First of all, thank you for reaching out with your question, and congratulations on your new furry family member! As a devoted pet parent, it’s essential to keep an eye on any changes or growths that may appear on your dog’s body. It’s also crucial to remember that lumps and bumps can be a cause for concern, so it’s always best to have them checked out by a professional when in doubt. In this case, a cyst or lump on your dog’s vulva is not something considered normal, and it’s essential to consult a veterinarian to determine the underlying cause. We’ve broken down the answer into three sections to help you better understand the topic.

Possible Causes of Lumps and Bumps on Your Dog

There are various factors that could contribute to the formation of lumps or bumps on your dog’s skin, ranging from harmless bumps to more serious health concerns. One of the many possibilities might be a sebaceous cyst, which is a blocked oil gland that can fill up with fluid and become infected. Another potential cause could be a wart, which is a viral skin growth. Additionally, although not especially common in the vulvar region, tumors are another possibility that your veterinarian will want to rule out. To learn more about lumps and bumps in dogs and when to worry, you can read this informative article: Lumps and Bumps: When to Worry.

Symptoms to Watch Out For

Aside from the lump or bump on your dog’s vulva, there may be other signs to keep an eye on, especially if it seems to be causing your dog discomfort. For instance, if you notice your dog excessively licking the area, it might be an indication of an infection or inflammation. Similarly, if the lump appears to have grown in size or has become red or swollen, it’s best to consult a veterinarian immediately. Imaging tests (like ultrasound) and fine needle aspiratecytology can help determine the cause and whether further intervention is necessary.

Blood in your dog’s urine could be another symptom worth monitoring. In addition to cysts, infections such as cystitis may also cause blood in your dog’s urine. To understand more about this issue, take a look at the article If There’s Blood in your Dog’s Urine it Could be Cystitis.

Treatment and Management

Once your veterinarian has inspected the lump and determined its underlying cause, they will recommend the appropriate treatment options. In most cases, if the growth is small and non-cancerous, the veterinarian might suggest keeping an eye on the lump for any changes. However, if it’s causing discomfort or is diagnosed as malignant, surgical removal may be necessary.

If the bump is related to your dog’s anal glands, it’s crucial to understand their role and the possible need for expression. You can read more about anal glands in dogs in these articles: Anal Glands: What Are They and Do I Need to Express Them? and How to Express Dog’s Anal Glands.

In conclusion, always consult with your veterinarian if you notice any lumps, bumps, or abnormalities on your dog’s skin or body. Early detection and appropriate intervention are crucial to minimizing any health risks and ensuring your furry friend leads a happy and healthy life.

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